ItemThe Changing Dimensions of Japanese Security Issues(IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin, 1999-08) Piper, W. StephenPresentation on post-Cold War security issues and international relations in Japan. Delivered to the Japan Industry and Management of Technology Program (JIMT) at The University of Texas at Austin on August 11, 1999. ItemE-Commerce Japanese Style(IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin, 1999-09) Katoh, MasanobuPresentation to the Japan Industry and Management of Technology Program (JIMT) on electronic commerce in Japan, how it is different from e-commerce in the US, and the challenges that foreign companies face entering the e-commerce market in Japan. ItemChance-Constrained Efficiency Analysis(IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin, 1990-01) Land, Kenneth C.; Lovell, C. A. Knox; Thore, StenData envelopment analysis (DEA) is extended to the case of stochastic inputs and outputs through the use of chance-constrained programming. The chance-constrained envelope envelops a given set of observations "most of the time." We show that the chance-constrained enveloping process leads to the definition of a conventional (certainty-equivalent) efficiency ratio (a ratio between weighted outputs and weighted inputs). Furthermore, extending the concept of Pareto and Koopmans efficiency to the case of chance-constrained dominance (to be defined), we establish the identity of the following two chance-constrained efficiency concepts: (i) the chance constrained DEA efficiency measure of a particular output-input point is unity, and all chance-constraints are binding; (ii) the point is efficient in the sense Pareto and Koopmans. Finally we discuss the implications of our approach for econometric frontier analysis. ItemImpacts of Deregulation on Performance and Management of the Largest American Transportation Companies(IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin, 1986-01) Ruefli, Timothy W.The effects of the past quarter century of deregulation on the transportation industry in the United States are many and varied. Impacts have been felt at the level of the industry as a whole, at the level of mode-based industry sub-groups, and at the level of individual firms. Analyses and depictions of these impacts have appeared in numerous books and journal articles. In this paper a new, empirically based, methodological approach to industry analysis will be employed to evaluate and illustrate the impacts of deregulation on the relevant levels of this industry in terms of its largest firms. The results of this analysis will be seen to be largely complementary to previous analyses, but will go beyond them in being able to identify in quantitative terms differential impacts of regulatory and other events on individual firms, groups of firms, and the industry from a unified methodological point of view. A later version of this paper appeared in Technovation, volume 5, issues 1–3, October 1986, Pages 35-60, doi 10.1016/0166-4972(86)90043-X. ItemA Retrospective and Prospects of the Fifth Generation Computer Project(IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin, 1993-09) Ishikawa, AkiraReport on the Fifth Generation Computer Systems (FGCS) project undertaken by the Japanese Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) in the period 1982-1992. The Fifth Generation Computer was developed using a framework of parallel processing and inference processing based on logic programming. The project received an investment of ¥54.15 billion ($416.54 million) and employed around 100 young engineers. ItemThe Austin/San Antonio Corridor: The Dynamics of a Developing Technopolis(IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin, 1987-03) Smilor, Raymond W.; Kozmetsky, George; Gibson, David V.Examination of the factors contributing to the development of the Austin/San Antonio corridor as a high-technology center in the years 1945-1986. The paper uses a conceptual framework called the Technopolis Wheel, which identifies seven segments as fundamental in regional high-tech growth: university, large and small technology companies, state-local-and federal government, and support groups (e.g. chambers of commerce). The major contribution of the paper is its emphasis on using multiple data sources to measure the relative importance of these segments. It concludes with case studies of Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation (MCC) in Austin and the biotechnology sector in San Antonio. ItemTransforming Texas and the Nation: Productivity Through Entrepreneurship and Risk-taking(IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin, 1983-09) Kozmetsky, George; Smilor, Raymond W.The authors call for the state of Texas to meet 25% of its need for new job creation through technology venturing, which they estimate to be 42,500 jobs per year or 820,000 new jobs over twenty years. In order to achieve this goal, they propose a number of measures: the expansion of Federal defense R&D in Texas, which they view as an investment and not simply as expenditure; the development of the Texas entrepreneurial infrastructure; expansion of the capital venture base; and establishment of a state seed-funding program for early-stage tech ventures. ItemKorea in the New World Order(IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin, 1991-04) Rostow, Walter W.Working paper developed from a lecture presented in Seoul about the role of Korea in the New World Order. Summarizes the historical background of the concept of a New World Order and its evolution after the Gulf War of 1990-91. Describes the fundamental issue behind the New World Order as whether the global diffusion of technological capacity in the late 20th century (and the associated spread of the capability to produce weapons of mass destruction) must lead to chaos, or can be organized in a stable peace. Asserts the important role of regional as well as global institutions in building a New World Order, citing historical successes and failures in Europe, the Middle East, the Americas, and the Pacific Basin. Discusses the importance of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and the key role of the Republic of Korea in expanding and strengthening APEC in order to create peace and economic development throughout the Pacific Basin. ItemThe Internet Age: Japan’s Challenge to E-Business(IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin, 2000-05-03) Takagi, YujiAddress by Yuji Takagi, General Manager of Mitsui & Co. (USA) Inc., on the future of the Internet industry in the context of Japanese business and consumer culture. ItemSustaining The Technopolis: High-Technology Development in Austin, Texas 1988-2012(IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin, 2013-02) Gibson, David V.; Butler, John SibleyUpdate and elaboration of the 1988 Journal of Business Venturing article "Creating the Technopolis: High-Technology Development in Austin, Texas" which emphasized the role of key influencers, institutions and networks that made possible Austin’s extraordinary technology-based growth. Elaborates the "Technopolis Wheel" framework to better reflect challenges and opportunities as well as review lessons learned during the past 25 years. While new aspects have emerged an unchanging, fundamental reality is that the "magic" of the Austin Model continues to be based on 1st- and 2nd-level influencers — key leaders and visionaries from academia, business, and government networking and working together to achieve targeted objectives. ItemThe Internet Age: Japan’s Challenge to E-Business(IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin, 2000-05-03) Takagi, YujiAddress by Yuji Takagi, General Manager of Mitsui & Co. (USA) Inc., on the future of the Internet industry in the context of Japanese business and consumer culture. ItemJapanese Style Networks and Innovations in High-Technology Firms in Texas(IC² Institute, 1997-11) Echeverri-Carroll, Elsie L.Discusses U.S.-Japanese competitiveness and how it might affect policy and the high-technology industry. Describes Japanese knowledge and spatial networks with a focus on their contribution to innovations. Discusses previous studies on the high-tech industry, highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of different criteria used to classify firms as high-tech firms. Discusses an analysis of employment trends in the main high-tech regions in the U.S. Applies a new classification of high-tech establishments for study and presents the results from an empirical analysis of the contribution of knowledge networks and spatial proximity to the innovation performance of high-tech firms in Texas. Argues that policies designed to enhance regional development through innovation should take into account whether local or non-local knowledge linkages are more significant for innovation. ItemJapanese Multimedia Industry Update(IC² Institute, 1996-02) Sytles, ChrisDiscusses a new trend among Japan’s giant electronics and telecommunications companies and ministries: a concerted effort to develop a multimedia society like the one growing in the U.S. Describes efforts by Japanese computer and electronics conglomerates to promote multimedia by creating multimedia divisions, acquiring new media technology through joint ventures, and shifting from hardware to software and services. Discusses the Japanese government’s role in the development of a methodology to determine how to create Japan’s information infrastructure and describes some of the projects in Japan’s ministries designed to lead the way. ItemThe Politics of Sustainable Development in Japan(IC² Institute, 1999-01-28) Park, JacobDiscusses three important questions and issues regarding Japan’s role in global environmental affairs: how the environmental movement has evolved in Japan; what the country’s major environmental policy challenges are on the local-national, regional and global level; and, how Japanese companies are responding to the sustainability challenge. Describes unresolved sustainability questions facing Japan and how the current economic situation has overshadowed the urgency of sustainability. Describes the passing of the pollutant release and transfer register (PRTR) system and as encouraging sign for future sustainability efforts, not only because it gives the Environment Agency administrative authority over companies, but also because it signals a path towards increased accountability and transparency. ItemThe Fallacy of Micro Foundation and Micro Fluctuations(IC² Institute, 1999-02) Chen, PingArgues that there is no micro foundation for microeconomic fluctuations, or business cycles, based on the law of large numbers in probability theory and statistical mechanics. Discusses the Lucas model of rational expectations as inconsistent with the efficient market hypotheses because arbitrage activities in financial markets can eliminate the intertemporal substitution effect to the macro economy. Suggests the need for nonlinear macroeconomic dynamics and a non-equilibrium mechanism to understand large and persistent business cycles. ItemJapanese Banking Reform: Will It Be In Time?(IC² Institute, 1998-11-05) Sazanami, YokoDiscusses, as an interim report by an academic involved in the emergency policy package to stabilize the Japanese financial system, the objective of the capital injection to 21 banks in March 1998, the merger package and ultimate failure of the Long-term Credit Bank in September 1998 and current policy efforts to reform banks to meet the so-called “Big Bang” challenge. ItemMarketing’s War on Japanese Culture Memory(IC² Institute, 1998-10-08) Lamont, DouglasDescribes research showing how American brands come to dominate similar market segments in developed and emerging countries. Discusses recent evidence suggesting that product standardization and promotion adaptation, rather than standardization across marketing functions, earn profits worldwide and create value added within nations. Also, discusses new evidence from financial services suggesting that product standardization and price adaptation make up the core of the American marketing strategy towards investors from oversees. Describes the evidence for Japan. Reflects on America’s marketing war on cultural memory and why it has been slower and less successful in Japan than elsewhere in the world. ItemZero TimeTM: A Conceptual Architecture for 21st Century Enterprises(IC² Institute, 1998-05-30) Yeh, Raymond T.; Pearlson, KeriDiscusses Zero Time, or manipulating time as an independent variable, as critical to any enterprise’s success in the 21st Century. Discusses five disciplines of a Zero Time organization (customer value driven, knowledgization, holonic management, zero resistance and inclusion) and how the disciplines result in instant customerization, meaning the needs of the customer are met as soon as the needs are expressed. Provides examples of near-Zero Time organizations. Applies a methodology, consisting of strategic visioning and operational excellence, for any organization to follow to evolve holistically into a Zero Time organization, allowing it to quickly and effectively adapt to rapid, continuous change. ItemInternational Human Resource Management in Japanese Multinationals(IC² Institute, 1999-07-21) Bird, AllanDiscusses the tactical decisions firms make in the process of establishing management systems in overseas subsidiaries and their strategic effects on the function of the management system as it relates to organizational learning. Introduces a typology of organizational learning models by analyzing 114 Japanese subsidiaries. Uses the typology to discuss the differences across Japanese multinational corporations in terms of how they learn and the levels at which they learn. Argues that what was learned, how much was learned and who learned was determined by the particulars of the learning process itself. Suggests four learning types among the Japanese multinational corporations studied based on analysis of decision patterns. Describes the implications for how Japanese multinational corporations should approach learning in their foreign operations and addresses the import the findings might have for non-Japanese corporations.