Browsing IC² Institute Working Papers by Title
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ItemThe Austin/San Antonio Corridor: The Dynamics of a Developing Technopolis(IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin, 1987-03) Smilor, Raymond W.; Kozmetsky, George; Gibson, David V.Examination of the factors contributing to the development of the Austin/San Antonio corridor as a high-technology center in the years 1945-1986. The paper uses a conceptual framework called the Technopolis Wheel, which identifies seven segments as fundamental in regional high-tech growth: university, large and small technology companies, state-local-and federal government, and support groups (e.g. chambers of commerce). The major contribution of the paper is its emphasis on using multiple data sources to measure the relative importance of these segments. It concludes with case studies of Microelectronics and Computer Technology Corporation (MCC) in Austin and the biotechnology sector in San Antonio. ItemBeyond Beijing: The Course of Women’s Struggle for Equal Opportunity in Japan(IC² Institute, 1997-02) Naff, ClaytonDiscusses the opportunity for change in Japan towards a more gender-equitable system. Describes the role of women in Japan’s industrialization and development of its peculiar management system. Discusses the legal, corporate and external framework for workforce equality. Explains the role of the 1997 U.N. conference on women in Beijing in helping to spur on the internationalization of the Japanese women’s movement, with a renewed sense of being part of Asia. Concludes that within a decade, Japanese companies will likely offer women greater equality of opportunity, particularly at the professional level, but, at the same time, all employees will enjoy far less assurance of security and income growth. ItemBuilding and Creating the Future of the South: Breakthrough Partnerships for the 21st Century(IC² Institute, 1997-06-23) Kozmetsky, GeorgeIn a presentation to the Southern Growth Policy Board’s 1997 Conference on the Future of the South, argues that partnership, including Public Private Partnerships, for the 21st century needs to be about winning combinations. Describes the change in resources that generate, prosperity, jobs and meaningful futures from natural endowments and geographic location to advanced technologies based on knowledge-based investments, highly skilled personnel and abundant financial assets. Describes breakthrough partnering between the public and private sector as the key to developing technology that will generate wealth, prosperity and newer, higher paying jobs in the future. Describes four freedoms necessary to achieve breakthrough partnering: exchange of ideas, access, trade and enterprise. Argues that bold, innovative leadership is required to reshape and restructure institutions to fit the new economy. ItemChance-Constrained Efficiency Analysis(IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin, 1990-01) Land, Kenneth C.; Lovell, C. A. Knox; Thore, StenData envelopment analysis (DEA) is extended to the case of stochastic inputs and outputs through the use of chance-constrained programming. The chance-constrained envelope envelops a given set of observations "most of the time." We show that the chance-constrained enveloping process leads to the definition of a conventional (certainty-equivalent) efficiency ratio (a ratio between weighted outputs and weighted inputs). Furthermore, extending the concept of Pareto and Koopmans efficiency to the case of chance-constrained dominance (to be defined), we establish the identity of the following two chance-constrained efficiency concepts: (i) the chance constrained DEA efficiency measure of a particular output-input point is unity, and all chance-constraints are binding; (ii) the point is efficient in the sense Pareto and Koopmans. Finally we discuss the implications of our approach for econometric frontier analysis. ItemThe Changing Dimensions of Japanese Security Issues(IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin, 1999-08) Piper, W. StephenPresentation on post-Cold War security issues and international relations in Japan. Delivered to the Japan Industry and Management of Technology Program (JIMT) at The University of Texas at Austin on August 11, 1999. ItemCommitted Costs vs. Uncertainty in New Product Development(IC² Institute, 1993-01) Phillips, Fred Y.; Srivastava, R.Discusses the nature of committed and determined costs in a new product development project, and quantifies their relationship to project uncertainty. Introduces the concept of product, process, schedule and market (PPSM) intelligence and emphasizes its use for jointly considering marketing and production factors in project evaluation. Uses a discriminate function-based measure of information gain to compare committed cost, incurred cost and information gain over the life of a development project leading to a risk profile that may be constructed from the observed behavior of the firm, without the use of hypothetical lotteries. Shows, using data from two companies, that this cost-risk construct is meaningful and can provide guidance for operational decisions in the new product development process. ItemDoing Business with a High-Tech Focus in Japan, China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan(IC² Institute, 1999-06) Cong, DachangIntroduces the economic conditions and high-tech research and development scenarios in post-crisis Asia. Explores challenges and opportunities for American high tech industries. Discusses issues related to doing business with the Japanese and Chinese, including understanding management and the need for better cross-cultural training. ItemE-Commerce Japanese Style(IC² Institute, The University of Texas at Austin, 1999-09) Katoh, MasanobuPresentation to the Japan Industry and Management of Technology Program (JIMT) on electronic commerce in Japan, how it is different from e-commerce in the US, and the challenges that foreign companies face entering the e-commerce market in Japan. ItemEstimation of the Time Path of the Supply Price of an Exhaustible Resource: The Case of Oil and Natural Gas(IC² Institute, 1988-06) Thore, Sten; Sinha, Kingshuk K.Explores the interplay of geopolitical, economic, geological and operational factors that may disrupt the gradual upwards shift of the supply price of non-replenishable resources, specifically oil and natural gas. Describes the econometric identification of the supply price curve for oil and gas in the U.S. using two alternative independent variables: total footage drilled and number of wells completed. Develops a new constrained least squares method, the Thore regression map, of studying shifts of the supply price function over time and uses the techniques to estimate supply price drift. Provides, for the first time, statistical evidence of the time path of the drift upwards of these schedules. Shows that the shifts accelerate during times of upheaval in the oil markets, reflecting the need for a higher risk premium, but may be delayed during times of industry consolidation. A by-product of the analysis is a format for forecasting the supply price of an exhaustible resource.