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This is the third supplement to an essay gathering compositions with ascending lines and cadence gestures in hymn collections published in the United States. The collection studied here is Ira D. Sankey, Sacred Songs and Solos, New Hymns and Solos, and The Christian Choir (London, 1903).
This is the fourth supplement to an essay gathering compositions with ascending lines and upper-register cadence gestures in hymn collections published in the United States or in London by American compilers and composers. The collections studied here are Ira D. Sankey, James McGranahan, and George C. Stebbins, Gospel Hymns, Nos. 1 to 6 (Cincinnati/Chicago/NewYork, 1895); and Ira D. Sankey, Winnowed Songs for Sunday Schools (Cincinnati/Chicago/NewYork, 1890).
(Media and Communication, 2024-02) Chyi, Hsiang Iris; Jeong, Sun Ho
Despite industry-wide efforts in digitally transforming news organizations, research showed that most newspapers’ legacy products still outperformed the same newspaper’s digital offerings in terms of engagement, circulation, readership, pricing, advertising, and subscription revenue—all by a wide margin. But Covid-19 created an unprecedented scenario where the need for instant, local news updates, the fear of contacting anything tangible, and financial stress may have changed consumer behavior. To assess the state of the newspaper industry, this study analyzes short-term and long-term trends in US newspapers’ digital and print circulation before and during the pandemic. The analysis considered price, an important factor often neglected in discussions about newspaper demand. Utilizing rich industry data, this study analyzed 18 US metro daily newspapers’ circulation trends during 2016–2022. The results revealed that digital circulation increased rapidly after the onset of Covid-19 but subsequently decreased after reaching the peak in Q3 2021. Print circulation continued its rapid decline since 2016, accompanied by continuous, substantial price hikes for print subscriptions—a typical print subscription now costs over $1,000 a year. Despite circulation declines, the print edition remains the core product, with more subscribers paying far more than digital subscribers. Because of the immense price gap (6 to 1), the seemingly promising increase in digital subscriptions during Covid-19 could not generate nearly as much revenue to cover the loss on the print side, resulting in a substantial loss in total subscription revenue. The state of the US newspaper industry needs immediate attention.
The time period covered in Part 4 is 1780-1860. Parts 4b, 4b2, and 4b3 focus on the polka, Part 4c1 on music for home or recital after 1820. The present Part 4c2 has items from contemporary anthologies: Hamilton’s Universal Tune- Book (2 vols.), Alexander’s New Scrap Book, and Köhler’s Violin Repository of Dance Music (3 vols.).
Although students who have ever been identified as English learners (ever-ELs) during K–12 comprise a growing share of the population, the transient nature of K–12 English Learner (EL) status and services makes it difficult for researchers to follow their educational pipeline. Ever-ELs’ backgrounds and experiences vary considerably, with differences in grade of entry into the U.S. school system, duration in EL status, and, for some, waiving out of English language development services. We use longitudinal state administrative data with repeated measures of EL status to examine the college entrance; college type; and early, intermediate, and long-term college outcomes of Spanish-speaking ever-EL students in Texas. By linking K–12, postsecondary, and workforce data, we control for differences in students’ demographic and academic characteristics and examine the association between their EL programmatic experiences and postsecondary outcomes. Our results offer new insights into the postsecondary trajectories of ever-EL high-school seniors.
(Environmental Science and Technology, 2024-01) Saracho, Alexandra Clarà; Marek, Ewa J.
The hydration of CO2 suffers from kinetic inefficiencies that make its natural trapping impractically sluggish. However, CO2-fixing carbonic anhydrases remarkably accelerate its equilibration by six orders of magnitude and are, therefore, ’ideal’ catalysts. Notably, carbonic anhydrase has been detected in ureolytic bacteria, suggesting its potential involvement in microbial induced carbonate precipitation (MICP), yet the dynamics of the urease (Ur) and carbonic anhydrase (CA) genes remain poorly understood. Here, through the use of ureolytic bacterium Sporosaracina pasteurii, we investigate the differing role of Ur and CA in ureolysis, CO2 hydration, and CaCO3 precipitation with increasing CO2(g) concentrations. We show that Ur gene up-regulation coincides with an increase in [HCO3-] following the hydration of CO2 to HCO3- by CA. Hence, CA physiologically promotes buffering, which enhances solubility trapping and affects the phase of the CaCO3 mineral formed. Understanding the role of CO2 hydration on the performance of ureolysis and CaCO3 precipitation provides essential new insights, required for the development of next-generation bio-catalysed CO2 trapping technologies.