CO Rovibrational Emission As A Probe Of Inner Disk Structure
We present an analysis of CO emission lines from a sample of T Tauri, Herbig Ae/Be, and transitional disks with known inclinations in order to study the structure of inner disk molecular gas. We calculate CO inner radii by fitting line profiles with a simple parameterized model. We find that, for optically thick disks, CO inner radii are strongly correlated with the total system luminosity (stellar plus accretion) and consistent with the dust sublimation radius. Transitional disk inner radii show the same trend with luminosity, but are systematically larger. Using rotation diagram fits, we derive, for classical T Tauri disks, emitting areas consistent with a ring of width similar to 0.15 AU located at the CO inner radius; emitting areas for transitional disks are systematically smaller. We also measure lower rotational temperatures for transitional disks, and disks around Herbig Ae/Be stars, than for those around T Tauri stars. Finally, we find that rotational temperatures are similar to, or slightly lower than, the expected temperature of blackbody grains located at the CO inner radius, in contrast to expectations of thermal decoupling between gas and dust.