Very Bright Green Fluorescent Proteins from the Pontellid Copepod Pontella mimocerami

dc.creatorHunt, Marguerite E.en
dc.creatorScherrer, Michael P.en
dc.creatorFerrari, Frank D.en
dc.creatorMatz, Mikhail V.en
dc.descriptionMarguerite E. Hunt is with UT Austin; Michael P. Scherrer is with UT Austin; Frank D. Ferrari is with the National Museum of Natural History at the Smithsonian Institution; Mikhail V. Matz is with UT Austin.en
dc.description.abstractBackground -- Fluorescent proteins (FP) homologous to the green fluorescent protein (GFP) from the jellyfish Aequorea victoria have revolutionized biomedical research due to their usefulness as genetically encoded fluorescent labels. Fluorescent proteins from copepods are particularly promising due to their high brightness and rapid fluorescence development. Results -- Here we report two novel FPs from Pontella mimocerami (Copepoda, Calanoida, Pontellidae), which were identified via fluorescence screening of a bacterial cDNA expression library prepared from the whole-body total RNA of the animal. The proteins are very similar in sequence and spectroscopic properties. They possess high molar extinction coefficients (79,000 M−1 cm−) and quantum yields (0.92), which make them more than two-fold brighter than the most common FP marker, EGFP. Both proteins form oligomers, which we were able to counteract to some extent by mutagenesis of the N-terminal region; however, this particular modification resulted in substantial drop in brightness. Conclusions -- The spectroscopic characteristics of the two P. mimocerami proteins place them among the brightest green FPs ever described. These proteins may therefore become valuable additions to the in vivo imaging toolkit.en
dc.description.departmentBiological Sciences, School ofen
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by the Ocean Exploration program of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (“Operation Deep Scope 2007”), and the National Institutes of Health grant R01 GM078247 to M. V. M. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.en
dc.identifier.citationHunt ME, Scherrer MP, Ferrari FD, Matz MV (2010) Very Bright Green Fluorescent Proteins from the Pontellid Copepod Pontella mimocerami. PLoS ONE 5(7): e11517. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011517en
dc.publisherPublic Library of Scienceen
dc.rightsAttribution 3.0 United Statesen
dc.subjectComplementary DNA amplificationen
dc.subjectFluorescence microscopyen
dc.subjectGreen fluorescent proteinen
dc.subjectQuantum chemistryen
dc.subjectRecombinant proteinsen
dc.titleVery Bright Green Fluorescent Proteins from the Pontellid Copepod Pontella mimoceramien

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