Encoding of Temporal Information by Timing, Rate, and Place in Cat Auditory Cortex
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A central goal in auditory neuroscience is to understand the neural coding of species-specific communication and human speech sounds. Low-rate repetitive sounds are elemental features of communication sounds, and core auditory cortical regions have been implicated in processing these information-bearing elements. Repetitive sounds could be encoded by at least three neural response properties: 1) the event-locked spike-timing precision, 2) the mean firing rate, and 3) the interspike interval (ISI). To determine how well these response aspects capture information about the repetition rate stimulus, we measured local group responses of cortical neurons in cat anterior auditory field (AAF) to click trains and calculated their mutual information based on these different codes. ISIs of the multiunit responses carried substantially higher information about low repetition rates than either spike-timing precision or firing rate. Combining firing rate and ISI codes was synergistic and captured modestly more repetition information. Spatial distribution analyses showed distinct local clustering properties for each encoding scheme for repetition information indicative of a place code. Diversity in local processing emphasis and distribution of different repetition rate codes across AAF may give rise to concurrent feed-forward processing streams that contribute differently to higher-order sound analysis.
Kazuo Imaizumi is with University of California San Francisco and Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Nicholas J. Priebe is with UT Austin, Tatyana O. Sharpee is with University of California San Francisco and Salk Institute for Biological Studies, Steven W. Cheung is with University of California San Francisco, Christoph E. Schreiner is with University of California San Francisco.
CitationImaizumi K, Priebe NJ, Sharpee TO, Cheung SW, Schreiner CE (2010) Encoding of Temporal Information by Timing, Rate, and Place in Cat Auditory Cortex. PLoS ONE 5(7): e11531. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011531
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