ItemForgotten Territories, Unrealized Rights: Rural Afro-Ecuadorians and their Fight for Land, Equality, and Security(Rapoport Center for Human Rights and Justice, 2009-11) Rapoport Delegation on Afro-Ecuadorian Land RightsThe report first assesses the broad historical and social context of rural Afro-Ecuadorians. It then analyzes the international and domestic legal frameworks for addressing Afro-Ecuadorian rights, detailing the different visions and challenges facing Afro-Esmeraldeños and Afro-Choteños. Additionally, it evaluates the role of government agencies and international institutions as it relates to Afro-Ecuadorians’ struggle for recognition and rights. Finally, the report concludes by providing several recommendations for attending to the precarious economic and social positions of rural Afro-Ecuadorians and realizing their fundamental economic, social, political, and cultural rights. ItemBetween the Law and Their Land: Afro-Brazilian Quilombo Communities’ Struggle for Land Rights(Rapoport Center for Human Rights and Justice, 2008-09-22) Rapoport Delegation on Afro-Brazilian Land RightsThis report, Between the Law and their Land, illuminates the current situation of Brazil’s quilombo communities and their struggle for land rights. It first discusses the historical and social context of quilombo communities’ struggle for recognition. Second, it examines the legal processes by which land rights are obtained and analyzes the various obstacles faced by quilombos to achieving meaningful rights. Finally, the report concludes by offering several recommendations for improving the titling process for quilombos and for reversing the precarious economic and social position of their inhabitants, or quilombolas. ItemUnfulfilled Promises and Persistent Obstacles to the Realization of the Rights of Afro-Colombians(Rapoport Center for Human Rights and Justice, 2007-07-18) Rapoport Center for Human Rights and JusticeThe Rapoport Center for Human Rights and Justice sponsored a spring break fact-finding mission to Colombia from March 10-18, 2007 to study Afro-Colombian human rights issues. The trip resulted in a report, "Unfulfilled Promises and Persistent Obstacles to the Realization of the Rights of Afro- Colombians: A Report on the Development of Ley 70 of 1993" submitted to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and a memorandum, "Afro-Colombian Human Rights: The Implications for U.S.-Colombia Free Trade Agreement," submitted to the United States Congress. Both the report and the memorandum are provided in English and Spanish. A summary of the report is also provided in Spanish. This research project is part of a larger, comparative project that examines Afro-descendant land rights in Latin America, particularly Brazil and Ecuador.