A Comparison of Microstructure and Mechanical Performance of Inconel 718 Manufactured via L-PBF, LP-DED, and WAAM Technologies

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Ahmad, Nabeel
Bidar, Alireza
Ghiaasiaan, Reza
Gradl, Paul R.
Shao, Shuai
Shamsaei, Nima

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University of Texas at Austin


The microstructure and mechanical properties of additively manufactured (AM) alloys can be significantly affected by variations in cooling rates, resulting from different process conditions across different additive manufacturing (AM) platforms. Therefore, it is crucial to understand the effect of manufacturing process on the microstructure and mechanical properties of AM Inconel 718. This study examines three AM processes: laser powder bed fusion, laser powder directed energy deposition, and wire arc additive manufacturing. Results show that fully heat treated laser powder bed fused (L-PBF) and wire arc additively manufactured (WAAM) Inconel 718 specimens exhibit higher strength compared to laser powder directed energy deposited (LP-DED) ones due to finer grain structure in L-PBF and retained dendritic microstructure in WAAM. The ductility in LP-DED Inconel 718 was slightly higher compared to WAAM and L-PBF due to relatively small carbide size, which causes stress concentration in a small material volume, leading to delayed fracture.


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