Unraveling the Genetic Tapestry of Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorder: Insights into Immune-Mediated Mechanisms



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title



Schizophrenia spectrum disorder (SSD) is a severe and often debilitating condition. The associated societal costs include financial burdens, premature years of life lost, and a myriad of other complications arising with the onset of SSD. Despite this, the exact mechanism of SSD remains elusive, though its heritability is evident. Consequently, the current standard for treating SSD, typical and atypical antipsychotics, can have numerous side effects that reduce their efficacy for patients. In some cases, these medications can fail to address certain symptoms of SSD. Recent observations indicate that SSD typically co-occurs with an immune condition, leading to the hypothesis that SSD’s mechanism may be genetically linked to immune diseases. Comparison of the genetic architectures of SSD and other immune conditions reveals a common association between SSD and certain inflammatory conditions. These findings are in accordance with a well-established theory that SSD symptoms arise from neuroinflammation, though the mechanism of this inflammation remains unclear. The knowledge that the immune response is not only somatic, but also has implications for brain health suggests that SSD may genetically underlie heritable immune conditions or vice versa. The genetic linkage between SSD and immune-mediated inflammatory conditions illuminates a potential pathophysiological mechanism for the onset of SSD, opening a new avenue of exploration for treatment options with anti-inflammatories.


LCSH Subject Headings