Additively Manufactured Haynes 230 by Laser Powder Directed Energy Deposition (LP-DED): Effect of Heat Treatment on Microstructure and Tensile Properties
The microstructure and tensile mechanical properties of Haynes 230 fabricated through laser powder directed energy deposition (LP-DED) were investigated, varying temperature heat treatments between 900°C to 1177°C following deposition. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was employed for microstructural analysis, whilst tensile testing was utilized to evaluate the room temperature mechanical properties of the alloy. In an as-deposited state, the initial microstructure consisted of cellular γ and M6C/M23C6 carbides. The cellular regions seem to be fully dissolved upon solutionizing at 1177°C for 3 hours. Following post-deposition heat-treatments, the carbides were observed to precipitate and grow along the grain boundaries as well as in the interior of grains. Solutionizing at 1177°C for 3 hours following stress-relieving yielded better ductility and had an insignificant effect on the strength.