Adapting MIMO networks to manage interference
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Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) communication uses multiple transmit and receive antennas to improve the throughput in wireless channels. In cellular networks, self-interference greatly degrades MIMO's potential gain, especially in multiuser MIMO systems where multiple users in each cell share the spatial channel in order to maximize the total throughput. In a multiuser MIMO downlink, the two main causes of this self-interference are residual inter-user interference due to imperfect spatial separation between the users and other-cell interference due to cochannel transmissions in other cells. This dissertation develops adaptive transmission strategies to deal with both residual inter-user interference and other-cell interference in cellular MIMO networks. For the residual inter-user interference caused by imperfect channel state information at the transmitter, we explicitly characterize the impact of channel quantization and feedback delay. Achievable ergodic rates for both single-user and multiuser MIMO systems with different channel state information are derived. Adaptive switching between single-user and multiuser MIMO modes is proposed to improve the throughput, based on the accuracy of the available channel information. It is then extended to a multi-mode transmission strategy which adaptively adjusts the number of active users to control residual interference and provide additional array gain. To adaptively minimize the other-cell interference, two practical base station coordination strategies are proposed. The first is a cluster based coordination algorithm with different coordination strategies for cluster interior and cluster edge users. It performs full intra-cluster coordination for enhancing the sum throughput and limited inter-cluster coordination for reducing the interference for cluster edge users. A multi-cell linear precoder is designed to perform the coordination. The second is an adaptive intercell interference cancellation strategy, where multiple base stations jointly select transmission techniques based on user locations to maximize the sum throughput. Spatial interference cancellation is applied to suppress other-cell interference. Closed-form expressions are derived for the achievable throughput, and the proposed adaptive strategy is shown to provide significant average and edge throughput gain. The feedback design to assist the interference cancellation is also discussed.