Adaptive vehicle control by combined DYC and FWS
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Vehicle stability is an important consideration in vehicle design. When driver intervention is insufficient, safety can be improved by the addition of vehicle stability control (VSC). Typical vehicle stability controllers are designed using a linearized vehicle model and an assumed set of parameters. However, some parameters like mass and inertial properties may not be constant between operations. To recover controller performance in the presence of unknown parameters, adaptive estimates can be developed. This thesis seeks to implement a model reference adaptive controller for yaw rate and side slip control and to evaluate any implementation issues that may arise. A linearized vehicle model is used for controller design via a Lyapunov approach and a combined front wheel steering (FWS) and direct yaw control (DYC) controller is developed. The combined FWS+DYC controller is tested in a low friction double lane change with initial parameter estimation error. The FWS+DYC controller was found to be robust to parameter changes, and the adaptive parameter estimates did not provide any noticeable improvement over the non-adaptive case. A four wheel steering (4WS) controller is developed by a similar approach and tested under the same conditions. Both controllers were found to be effective at stabilizing the vehicle. An unexpected finding was that though the combined FWS+DYC controller was effective even in low friction conditions with parameter errors, the required motor torque was very large and oscillated rapidly. This was diminished through the addition of a low pass filter on the controller yaw moment output, but could not be removed entirely.