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dc.contributor.advisorLiljestrand, Howard M. (Howard Michael)en
dc.contributor.advisorAllen, David T.en
dc.creatorNobel, Carolyn Eveen
dc.date.accessioned2011-03-30T20:16:23Zen
dc.date.available2011-03-30T20:16:23Zen
dc.date.issued2001-05en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2152/10762en
dc.descriptiontexten
dc.description.abstractEmission cap and trade programs are viewed as innovative and economically efficient mechanisms for reducing ozone precursor emissions and are beginning to see widespread use. However, few studies have examined the air quality impacts of trading emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx). Emission trading is expected to change the spatial distribution of NOx emissions, and changes in the spatial distribution of NOx emissions can have a significant impact on ozone formation, since ozone formation is a strong, non-linear function of the local concentrations of volatile organic compounds (VOC) and NOx (i.e., a ton of NOx emitted at one time and location may not have the same ozone productivity as a ton of NOx emitted at a different time and location). The research described in this thesis develops and applies a computational framework to evaluate the vii potential air quality benefits of NOx emission trading compared to the air quality benefits of across the board NOx reductions for point sources in Eastern Texas. The comparison was performed by first determining, using the Comprehensive Air Quality Model with extensions (CAMx), the changes in ozone concentrations associated with NOx reductions at more than 50 individual facilities in Eastern Texas. These facility specific changes in ozone concentrations due to NOx reductions were then converted into a variety of indices that quantify ozone reduction benefits. Trading scenarios were then evaluated through Monte Carlo simulations. The results indicate that approximately 20% of all trading scenarios deviate by 25% or more from the ozone reduction benefits achieved by across the board reductions. This result was independent of the index used to evaluate ozone reduction benefit. This variability in the benefits associated with trading scenarios was comparable to the variability in benefits associated with changes in meteorological conditions over the days that were modeled. Additional Monte Carlo simulations indicated that the average benefit associated with NOx trading could be improved and the variability in benefit reduced by creating a trading program where a small group of high impact facilities are allowed to sell, but may not buy, NOx allowances.
dc.format.mediumelectronicen
dc.language.isoengen
dc.rightsCopyright is held by the author. Presentation of this material on the Libraries' web site by University Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin was made possible under a limited license grant from the author who has retained all copyrights in the works.en
dc.subjectEmissions trading--Texasen
dc.subjectAir quality management--Texasen
dc.subjectNitrogen oxides--Texasen
dc.titleEvaluating the air quality impacts of NO[subscript x] emission tradingen
dc.description.departmentCivil, Architectural, and Environmental Engineeringen
thesis.degree.departmentCivil, Architectural, and Environmental Engineeringen
thesis.degree.disciplineCivil Engineeringen
thesis.degree.grantorThe University of Texas at Austinen
thesis.degree.levelDoctoralen
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophyen
dc.rights.restrictionRestricteden


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