Effect of heat treatment on the microstructure and mechanical properties of Monel K500 alloy fabricated via L-PBF and LP-DED

Access full-text files




Nandi, Indrajit
Ghiaasiaan, Reza
Ahmad, Nabeel
Gradl, Paul R.
Shamsaei, Nima

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


University of Texas at Austin


This study examines and compares the effect of different heat treatments (HT) on the microstructure and mechanical properties of Monel K500 fabricated using laser powder bed fusion (L-PBF) and laser powder directed energy deposition (LP-DED) technologies. The as-fabricated Monel K500 specimens exhibited dendritic microstructure and elemental micro-segregation due to high cooling rates induced during the fabrication process. The applicability of HT proposed in the literature for wrought Monel K500 was investigated for L-PBF and LP-DED using four different HT procedures involving hot isostatic pressing (HIP), solution annealing (SA), and aging. The mechanical properties of test specimens were evaluated using uniaxial tensile testing at room temperature. The microstructural evolution of test specimens during HT was analyzed using a scanning electron microscope. For all HT conditions investigated, L-PBF Monel K500 specimens consistently displayed higher strength and lower ductility compared to the LP-DED counterparts. The HT procedure involving HIP at 1160°C for 3hr at 100 MPa, SA at 1100°C for 15 min, and three step aging at 610°C for 16 hr, 540°C for 6 hr, and 480°C for 8 hr resulted in highest strength for both L-PBF and LP-DED fabricated Monel K500.


LCSH Subject Headings