Isotope effects in gas-surface interactions: quantum-state resolved studies of D₂ scattering from Cu(100) and Pd(111)

dc.contributor.advisorSitz, Greg Ormanen
dc.creatorShackman, Leah Caitlinen
dc.date.accessioned2008-08-28T22:37:09Zen
dc.date.available2008-08-28T22:37:09Zen
dc.date.issued2004en
dc.descriptiontexten
dc.description.abstractState resolved experiments are presented for the interaction of D2 and HD with Cu(100) and Pd(111). For this work, D2(v=1, J=2) molecules were scattered off of single crystal surfaces at near normal incidence. The reflected molecules were probed using quantum state specific spectroscopy. For D2 scattered from Cu(100) the survival probability and some transition probabilities were measured over a range of incident energies. The survival probability was found to be larger then that found previously for H2(v=1) scattered from the same surface. For H2 some of the incident flux was unaccounted for and could possibly have been lost by dissociative adsorption. In contrast, D2 molecules which do not reflect elastically from the surface are accounted for in other transition channels for most energies. The differences found for D2 compared to previous work with H2 are discussed in terms of the lower zero point energy and smaller vibrational energy spacings of D2. D2 translational energy exchange was studied for several different scattering channels and interpreted using simple classical calculations. These calculations agreed well with both the elastic scattering channel as well as the rotational relaxation channel. For rotational excitation some energy was gained by the molecule from the surface. The survival probability was also measured for D2(v=1) scattered from Pd(111) at one incident energy. Pd is very reactive for D2 dissociation and this survival probability was measured to be much smaller than that for H2(v=1) under similar conditions. Vibrational relaxation channels were studied for D2 scattering from both Cu(100) and Pd(111). The vibrational relaxation was also found to be smaller than that measured for comparable channels for H2. The smaller survival probability and vibrational relaxation probability for D2 on Pd(111) cannot be easily accounted for by the difference in zero point energy and vibrational energy spacings. Measurements were also done to study the rotational excitation of HD molecules scattered from one reactive surface, Pd(111), and two inert surfaces, Cu(100) and Pd(111):H(D). These measurements showed similar amounts of rotational excitation for HD molecules after scattering from these different surfaces.
dc.description.departmentPhysicsen
dc.format.mediumelectronicen
dc.identifierb60841187en
dc.identifier.oclc69149255en
dc.identifier.proqst3145350en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2152/2193en
dc.language.isoengen
dc.rightsCopyright is held by the author. Presentation of this material on the Libraries' web site by University Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin was made possible under a limited license grant from the author who has retained all copyrights in the works.en
dc.subject.lcshScattering (Physics)en
dc.subject.lcshCopper--Isotopesen
dc.subject.lcshPalladium--Isotopesen
dc.subject.lcshDeuteriumen
dc.titleIsotope effects in gas-surface interactions: quantum-state resolved studies of D₂ scattering from Cu(100) and Pd(111)en
dc.type.genreThesisen
thesis.degree.departmentPhysicsen
thesis.degree.disciplinePhysicsen
thesis.degree.grantorThe University of Texas at Austinen
thesis.degree.levelDoctoralen
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophyen

Access full-text files

Original bundle

Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
Loading...
Thumbnail Image
Name:
shackmanlc042.pdf
Size:
720.59 KB
Format:
Adobe Portable Document Format

License bundle

Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
No Thumbnail Available
Name:
license.txt
Size:
1.65 KB
Format:
Plain Text
Description: