Photopolymerizable biodegradable hydrogels as tissue contacting materials and controlled-release carriers

Access full-text files

Date

2000-05-09

Authors

Jeffrey A. Hubbell
Amarpreet S. Sawhney
Neil P. Desai
Chandrashekhar P. Pathak
Jennifer L. Hill-West

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

United States Patent and Trademark Office

Abstract

Hydrogels of polymerized and crosslinked macromers comprising hydrophilic oligomers having biodegradable monomeric or oligomeric extensions, which biodegradable extensions are terminated on free ends with end cap monomers or oligomers capable of polymerization and cross linking are described. The hydrophilic core itself may be degradable, thus combining the core and extension functions. Macromers are polymerized using free radical initiators under the influence of long wavelength ultraviolet light, visible light excitation or thermal energy. Biodegradation occurs at the linkages within the extension oligomers and results in fragments which are non-toxic and easily removed from the body. Preferred applications for the hydrogels include prevention of adhesion formation after surgical procedures, controlled release of drugs and other bioactive species, temporary protection or separation of tissue surfaces, adhering of sealing tissues together, and preventing the attachment of cells to tissue surfaces.

Description

Keywords

LCSH Subject Headings

Citation