Near-Infrared Line Identification In Type Ia Supernovae During The Transitional Phase

Friesen, Brian
Baron, E.
Wisniewski, John P.
Parrent, Jerod T.
Thomas, R. C.
Miller, Timothy R.
Marion, G. H.
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We present near-infrared synthetic spectra of a delayed-detonation hydrodynamical model and compare them to observed spectra of four normal Type Ia supernovae ranging from day +56.5 to day +85. This is the epoch during which supernovae are believed to be undergoing the transition from the photospheric phase, where spectra are characterized by line scattering above an optically thick photosphere, to the nebular phase, where spectra consist of optically thin emission from forbidden lines. We find that most spectral features in the near-infrared can be accounted for by permitted lines of Fe II and Co II. In addition, we find that [Ni II] fits the emission feature near 1.98 mu m, suggesting that a substantial mass of Ni-58 exists near the center of the ejecta in these objects, arising from nuclear burning at high density.

Friesen, Brian, E. Baron, John P. Wisniewski, Jerod T. Parrent, R. C. Thomas, Timothy R. Miller, and G. H. Marion. "Near-infrared line identification in type Ia supernovae during the transitional phase." The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 792, No. 2 (Sep., 2014): 120.