Buildup with Bremsstrahlung in the Martian atmosphere
Photon buildup is a function of energy, medium, and geometry and therefore must be specifically calculated for the case of interest. The Martian atmosphere, comprised mostly of carbon dioxide, is becoming more relevant to radiation researchers and therefore warrants the study of this gas mixture’s buildup properties for ionizing photon flux resulting from the secondary effects of Galactic Cosmic Rays (GCR) and solar flares. Specifically, this work uses MCNP6 code to develop Energy Absorption Buildup Factors (EABFs) in finite slab models for energies ranging from 40 keV to 15 MeV with Martian regolith as the backscattering medium. The Martian carbon dioxide cycle is accounted for by determining maximum and minimum mean densities as a function of orbital position. An isotropic point source model for the atmosphere is also developed using the Geometric Progression fitting function. Buildup is bounded to approximately a factor of 23 at 100 keV for normally incident photons at the top of the atmosphere (TOA). For conservatism, the design problem neglects coherent scattering but assumes Bremsstrahlung effects and uses Klein-Nishina free-electron cross sections for Compton scattering.