Reconstructing Emission From Pre-Reionization Sources With Cosmic Infrared Background Fluctuation Measurements By The JWST
We present new methodology to use cosmic infrared background (CIB) fluctuations to probe sources at 10 less than or similar to z less than or similar to 30 from a James Webb Space Telescope (JWST)/NIRCam configuration that will isolate known galaxies to 28 AB mag at 0.5-5 mu m. At present significant mutually consistent source-subtracted CIB fluctuations have been identified in the Spitzer and AKARI data at similar to 2-5 mu m, but we demonstrate internal inconsistencies at shorter wavelengths in the recent CIBER data. We evaluate CIB contributions from remaining galaxies and show that the bulk of the high-z sources will be in the confusion noise of the NIRCam beam, requiring CIB studies. The accurate measurement of the angular spectrum of the fluctuations and probing the dependence of its clustering component on the remaining shot noise power would discriminate between the various currently proposed models for their origin and probe the flux distribution of its sources. We show that the contribution to CIB fluctuations from remaining galaxies is large at visible wavelengths for the current instruments precluding probing the putative Lyman-break of the CIB fluctuations. We demonstrate that with the proposed JWST configuration such measurements will enable probing the Lyman-break. We develop a Lyman-break tomography method to use the NIRCam wavelength coverage to identify or constrain, via the adjacent two-band subtraction, the history of emissions over 10 less than or similar to z less than or similar to 30 as the universe comes out of the "Dark Ages." We apply the proposed tomography to the current Spitzer/IRAC measurements at 3.6 and 4.5 mu m, to find that it already leads to interestingly low upper limit on emissions at z greater than or similar to 30.