Correlation between surface and subsurface sections of the Ellenburger group of Texas

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Hendricks, Leo

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University of Texas at Austin. Bureau of Economic Geology


The Ellenburger of Texas was first defined as a marine limestone formation of Cambrian and Ordovician age (Paige, 1912), but recently it has been subdivided into several formations and the term Ellenburger given group status (Cloud and Barnes, 1948). The group forms an important unit in the geology of Texas, its known extent in both surface and subsurface covering approximately one-half of the State (fig. 1). Consequently the Ellenburger has received the attention of many geologists over a period of more than forty years. The greatest amount of information concerning the Ellenburger has come from wells drilled in exploration for oil and gas. This information from the subsurface is the basis for present concepts of the lateral extent and regional changes m thickness and lithologic character of the group (Sellards, 1933b). The top of the group serves as an important key horizon for mapping structure in the subsurface of large parts of north, central, and southwest Texas (Sellards and Hendricks, 1946). Data from well samples and cores have been used to make qualitative subdivisions and correlations within the formation (Cole, 1942, p. 1398; Crowley and Hendricks, 1945, p. 413). No paleontological correlations are possible from well data because well samples and cores from the Ellenburger are practically barren of fossils.


To obtain a print version of this publication visit: and search for: RI0011. Accompanied by 6 foldouts. Plate I : Index map of Llano uplift showing area where Ellenburger has been mapped in detail by Cloud and Barnes. Plate II : Correlation of Ellenburger Sections in Central Texas. Plate III : Correlation of Ellenburger Sections from Central to North Texas. Plate IV : Correlations of Ellenburger Sections across North-Central Texas. Plate V : Correlations of Ellenburger Sections from Central to West Texas. Plate VI : Regional Correlation of the Ellenburger Group (from Cloud and Barnes, 1946)

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