Ablation and ignition by impinging jet flows
Two separate heat transfer problems that involve jet flows impinging on a reacting target are studied through modeling and experimentation. The first system is an ablating carbon-carbon specimen exposed to high heat fluxes from an oxy-acetylene torch which has applications in atmospheric re-entry vehicles. The second system involves the penetration of hot gases into the void space in a compartment. The fire protection stands to benefit from knowledge of this system, both in building component design and informing firefighting personnel. Both problems can be modeled as a jet flow impinging on a flat surface where hot gases from the jet lead to primarily convective heat transfer.
Ablation experiments are outlined and a theoretical framework is developed. A serial inversion technique is tested for predicting the recession rate observed in the experiments. A novel inversion technique that takes advantage of parallel computing is developed to circumvent the shortcomings of the serial technique. These techniques are then compared to synthetically generated and experimental data for different data streams and error signals.
Compartment-scale experiments were conducted to test hot gas penetration into void spaces. Anecdotal evidence was observed outside of the intended test section prompting further investigation into the mechanics of ignition in void spaces. A theoretical framework is established to predict possibility of ignition under varied environmental factors. A leakage-scale experiment is constructed to gain insight into conditions that result in ignition of materials in void spaces.