Are Patriots Bigots? An Inquiry into the Vices of In-group Pride




Elkins, Zachary

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One view in the study of intergroup conflict is that pride implies prejudice. However, an increasing number of scholars have come to view in-group pride more benignly, suggesting that pride can be accompanied by a full range of feelings toward the out-group. In this paper, we focus on a substantively interesting case of ingroup/ out-group attitudes – national pride and hostility towards immigrants. We explore the relationship in two fundamental ways: first by examining the prejudice associated with various dimensions of pride, and second by embedding these relationships in a comprehensive model of prejudice. We find that national pride is most validly measured with two dimensions – patriotism and nationalism – two dimensions that have very different relationships with prejudice. While nationalists have a strong predilection for hostility towards immigrants, patriots show no more prejudice than does the average citizen.



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De Figueiredo, Rui and Zachary Elkins. 2003. “Are Patriots Bigots? An Inquiry into the Vices of In-group Pride.” 2003. American Journal of Political Science 47: 171-188.