DETERMINATION OF INPUT LASER ENERGY FOR MELTING POWDER LAYERS OF VARIOUS THICKNESSES IN HIGH-SPEED PBF-LB/P USING NEARINFRARED LASER AND ABSORBENT

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Date

2023

Authors

Yamauchi, Yuki
Kigure, Takashi
Niino, Toshiki

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Publisher

University of Texas at Austin

Abstract

The rate of production of PBF-LB/P can be increased by increasing the layer thickness. However, this reduces the part resolution in the stacking direction. To obtain both a high rate of production and high part resolution, layer thickness adjustment in accordance with part geometry can be effective. Optimizing the input laser energy with respect to the layer thickness ensures sufficient melting and part strength. According to previous studies, the use of a nearinfrared laser and absorbent can increase penetration depth or depth of fusion. However, the optical properties of the powder bed can vary significantly depending on the layer thickness, and, therefore, the input energy that actually contributes to melting also changes with layer thickness. This study proposes a method for determining the input laser energy for various layer thickness without trial and error by estimating the amount of energy required to melt the powder layer while accounting for the optical properties of the bed.

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