Hip-hop salvação : Afro-narratives of the hip-hop generation in São Paulo, Brazil or how hip-hop showed us the way out!



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This dissertation argues that Brazilian hip-hop has worked—and continues to work—as a tool of salvation for most of the Afro-Brazilian youth within the hip-hop community, in São Paulo, Brazil. Therefore, Hip-hop salvação tells the history of the hip-hop generation in Brazil. Using as starting point the sentence hip-hop salvou minha vida, this research investigates the formation of a salvationist discourse in Brazilian hip-hop and informs the impacts of this discourse, for Black youths living in the periferias of São Paulo. I focus on “artivism” as an aspect that is essential to Brazilian hip-hop, where art and activism are fundamental, to promote messages of transformation, racial, political and social empowerment. Throughout this dissertation, I explore how the characteristics of a megalopolis like São Paulo, impacts the characteristics of hip-hop as a social and political movement. In addition, Hip-hop salvação questions the reproduction of sexist, “blaqueerphobic” and patriarchist content, in a movement that promotes itself as emancipatory. My research methods include lyrical analysis of rap music produced by Afro-Brazilian hip-hop artists; analysis of interviews, created during 12 months of collaborative ethnographic field work (between 2015 and 2016); and autoethnography, where I position myself and share my experiences, as a Black woman, whose life was impacted and transformed by hip-hop. This project aims to enhance developing literature on African Diaspora cultural productions, exploring the impacts of hip-hop in the formation of Black identities. In addition, it engages with definitions of salvation, and its impacts in the construction of a salvationist discourse in Brazilian hip-hop. Still, Hip-hop salvação utilizes Black feminisms as a way to create an analysis of the narratives presented throughout this research.


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