Transient dynamics of soft particle glasses in startup shear flow. Part I: Microstructure and time scales

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Date

2021-03-01

Authors

Khabaz, Fardin
Di Dio, Bruno Flavio
Cloitre, Michel
Bonnecaze, Roger T.

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Publisher

AIP Publishing

Abstract

The rheology and microstructure of soft particle glasses during startup flow are studied using three-dimensional particle dynamics sim- ulations at different particle volume fractions and shear rates. The behavior of transient stress depends on the applied shear rate. At high shear rates, soft particle glasses exhibit a static yield stress signaled by a stress overshoot followed by a relaxation to a steady- state value. The buildup of the stress is driven by an interplay between structural anisotropy due to an accumulation of particles along the compression axis and a depletion along the extension axis and a compression of particles that are soft and deformable. At low shear rates, the stress increase is monotonic and without any stress overshoot. The time scale at which structural anisotropy and the stress are maximum is correlated to the nonaffine dynamics of SPGs through the persistence time of shear-induced particle collisions and to the residence time of particles inside their transient cages. The static yield strain γp and the reduced static yield stress σp/σy, where σy is the dynamic yield stress deduced from steady flow measurements, follow universal behaviors when correlated with the dimensional shear rate ηs γ_/G 0

, with ηs being the suspending fluid viscosity and G0 the storage modulus, which expresses the competition between elastic restoring forces and viscous dissipation. Dense suspensions of thermosensitive core–shell colloids, star-like micelles, and poly(ethylene oxide)-protected silica particles follow the same universal curves, suggesting the generality of our results.

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Citation

Fardin Khabaz, Bruno Flavio Di Dio, Michel Cloitre, Roger T. Bonnecaze; Transient dynamics of soft particle glasses in startup shear flow. Part I: Microstructure and time scales. J. Rheol. 1 March 2021; 65 (2): 241–255. https://doi.org/10.1122/8.0000165