Stratigraphy and Depositional Systems of the Lower Cretaceous Travis Peak Formation East Texas Basin

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1989

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The Travis Peak Formation of the East Texas Basin was divided into five lithostratigraphic units. Formation of a fluvial-deltaic-paralic-shelf depositional systems tract was interpreted from analyses of stratigraphic and sedimentologic data acquired for each lithostratigraphic unit from well logs and cores. During early Travis Peak development, braided streams deposited channel belt, floodplain, and overbank sediments in most of the study area. Downdip of the braided streams, deltas prograded to the south and southeast over a shallow, stable shelf. As braided streams migrated and enlarged, the site of deltaic deposition advanced southward and expanded to the northeast. Estuaries developed in relatively sediment-starved, embayed portions of the shoreline between centers of deltaic deposition. Seaward of the deltas, shelf sandstones accumulated through sediment-gravity processes triggered by high sediment loads and rapid deposition in the deltas. Shoreline transgression and the development of coastal-plain and paralic environments characterize late Travis Peak evolution. Fluvial systems transported a mud-rich sediment load and assumed a sinuous-braided to meandering form. Channel belts coursed across a coastal plain with expansive floodplains and lakes and fed a few small retrogradational deltas. Estuaries enlarged and became a dominant coastal feature as submergence of the coastal plain progressed. With continued transgression, marine limestone of the Sligo Formation onlapped the Travis Peak.

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