The Urbanization of Social Justice Through Gender Mainstreaming in Vienna, Austria




Robinson, Emma

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The goal of this thesis is to evaluate different attempts at formulating a theory for how social justice can be achieved in cities. This evaluation is important because the physical elements that make up the design of cities and the people who make the decisions about how to allocate design elements within cities heavily influences the sources of injustice in cities. As such, theories of achieving social justice in cities provide ideas about what aspects of city design produce injustices and how the production of injustice can be mitigated. Chapter 1 identifies theories of social justice that have been part of the conversation about how to implement social justice measures in cities. Chapter 2 discusses spatial justice and the way social justice enters the physical design of cities through spatial planning. Chapter 3 then provides a case study of how social justice has been addressed through the form of gender mainstreaming in Vienna, Austria. Chapter 4 analyzes how the case study is used to demonstrate the ways in which different urban theories can work off of one another to make more just cities. The overall purpose of this thesis is to show how individual social justice theories do not have to present all of the possible ways to achieve more just cities. Rather, a combination of different elements from different theories allows for a more targeted approach to achieving social justice, as the selected elements can be related directly to the situation being addressed.



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