The Absolute Magnitude Of RRc Variables From Statistical Parallax




Kollmeier, Juna A.
Szczygiel, Dorota M.
Burns, Christopher R.
Gould, Andrew
Thompson, Ian B.
Preston, George W.
Sneden, Christopher
Crane, Jeffrey D.
Dong, Subo
Madore, Barry F.

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We present the first definitive measurement of the absolute magnitude of RR Lyrae c-type variable stars (RRc) determined purely from statistical parallax. We use a sample of 242 RRc variables selected from the All Sky Automated Survey for which high-quality light curves, photometry, and proper motions are available. We obtain high-resolution echelle spectra for these objects to determine radial velocities and abundances as part of the Carnegie RR Lyrae Survey. We find that M-V,M-RRc = 0.59 +/- 0.10 at a mean metallicity of [Fe/H] = -1.59. This is to be compared with previous estimates for RRab stars (M-V,M-RRab = 0.76 +/- 0.12) and the only direct measurement of an RRc absolutemagnitude (RZ Cephei, M-V,M-RRc = 0.27 +/- 0.17). We find the bulk velocity of the halo relative to the Sun to be (W-pi, W-theta, W-z) = (12.0,-209.9, 3.0) km s(-1) in the radial, rotational, and vertical directions with dispersions (sigma(W pi), sigma(W theta), sigma(Wz)) = (150.4, 106.1, 96.0) km s(-1). For the disk, we find (W-pi, W-theta, W-z) = (13.0,-42.0,-27.3) km s(-1) relative to the Sun with dispersions (sigma(W pi), sigma(W theta), sigma(Wz)) = (67.7, 59.2, 54.9) km s(-1). Finally, as a byproduct of our statistical framework, we are able to demonstrate that UCAC2 proper-motion errors are significantly overestimated as verified by UCAC4.



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Kollmeier, Juna A., Dorota M. Szczygie?, Christopher R. Burns, Andrew Gould, Ian B. Thompson, George W. Preston, Christopher Sneden et al. "The Absolute Magnitude of RRc Variables from Statistical Parallax." The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 775, No. 1 (Sep., 2013): 57.