Environmental implications of the North American Free Trade Agreement

dc.contributor.advisorFlamm, Kenneth, 1951-
dc.contributor.advisorHansen, Patricia Isela
dc.creatorFox, Margaret A.
dc.creator.orcid0000-0002-7102-4929
dc.date.accessioned2019-11-26T18:58:45Z
dc.date.available2019-11-26T18:58:45Z
dc.date.created2019-05
dc.date.issued2019-05-10
dc.date.submittedMay 2019
dc.date.updated2019-11-26T18:58:46Z
dc.description.abstractThis paper argues that the environmental provisions of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC) have been ineffective at preventing environmental harm because of weak enforcement mechanisms. The agreements sacrificed the potential benefits of linking trade and environmental issues by failing to impose trade penalties for environmental infractions. Chapter One of the paper demonstrates how traditional methods of addressing global environmental issues through multiparty environmental agreements have proven largely ineffective. Chapter Two lays out the potentially harmful effects of free trade agreements like NAFTA on the environment. Chapter Three demonstrates how the environmental provisions of NAFTA as well as the NAAEC fail to impose high enough penalties to deter violations. The conclusion briefly discusses the recently signed United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) and its environmental implications
dc.description.departmentGlobal Policy Studies
dc.description.departmentLaw
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/2152/78600
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.26153/tsw/5656
dc.language.isoen
dc.subjectNAFTA
dc.subjectNAAEC
dc.subjectEnvironment
dc.subjectTrade
dc.subjectNorth American Free Trade Agreement
dc.subjectTrade agreement environmental implications
dc.subjectTrade agreement environmental provisions
dc.titleEnvironmental implications of the North American Free Trade Agreement
dc.typeThesis
dc.type.materialtext
thesis.degree.departmentGlobal Policy Studies
thesis.degree.departmentLaw
thesis.degree.disciplineGlobal Policy Studies
thesis.degree.disciplineLaw - Jurisprudence
thesis.degree.grantorThe University of Texas at Austin
thesis.degree.levelMasters
thesis.degree.levelDoctoral
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Global Policy Studies
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Jurisprudence

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