The relations between material deprivation and social behavior for boys and girls

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The relations of two conditions of poverty, material hardship and financial well-being, to children’s behavior are examined in this paper. Three features of children’s environment are evaluated as potential mediators of the association of these conditions of poverty to behavior: family economic stress, family investment, and child friendship. Previous research suggests that these indirect pathways between poverty and children’s behavior differ for boys and girls. Subsequently, these relationships are assessed separately for boys and girls. In general, family economic stress, as measured by parenting practices, mediated the relation of poverty to behavior for both boys and girls; however, different types of parenting predicted differently for boys and girls. Effective child management mediated the relation of poverty to boys’ behavior, and warm and structured parenting mediated the relation for girls


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