Experimental Analysis of Functionally Graded Materials produced by Fused Filament Fabrication

Alkunte, Suhas
Fidan, Ismail
Hasanov, Seymur
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Multi-material additive manufacturing has grabbed tremendous attention in the research community. In this investigation, a multi-material single extrusion system was used to fabricate the combination of chopped carbon fiber reinforced Polyethylene Terephthalate Glycol (CF- PETG) and Thermoplastic Polyurethane (TPU) materials with gradient transition for a more robust material interface. Various patterns such as the 20, 40, 60, and 80% by volume blend of CF-PETG and TPU materials are designed, printed, and analyzed to understand their tensile and fatigue behaviors. Tensile–tensile fatigue tests with a stress ratio of 0.1 were performed on each specimen at 80% of UTS. The characterization of functionally gradient material interface and direct transition patterns were conducted for comparison. The results showed that gradient change in material concentrations from soft to hard material has significantly enhanced the interface strength.