The First Two Transient Supersoft X-Ray Sources In M 31 Globular Clusters And The Connection To Classical Novae

Access full-text files




Henze, M.
Pietsch, W.
Haberl, F.
Sala, G.
Quimby, R.
Hernanz, M.
Della Valle, M.
Milne, P.
Williams, G. G.
Burwitz, V.

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title



Context. Classical novae (CNe) have been found to represent the major class of supersoft X-ray sources (SSSs) in our neighbour galaxy M 31. Aims. We determine the properties and evolution of the two first SSSs ever discovered in the M 31 globular cluster (GC) system. Methods. We have used XMM-Newton, Chandra and Swift observations of the centre region of M 31 to discover both SSSs and to determine their X-ray light curves and spectra. We performed detailed analysis of XMM-Newton EPIC PN spectra of the source in Bol 111 (SS1) using blackbody and NLTE white dwarf (WD) atmosphere models. For the SSS in Bol 194 (SS2) we used optical monitoring data to search for an optical counterpart. Results. Both GC X-ray sources were classified as SSS. We identify SS1 with the CN M31N 2007-06b recently discovered in the M 31 GC Bol 111. For SS2 we did not find evidence for a recent nova outburst and can only provide useful constraints on the time of the outburst of a hypothetical nova. Conclusions. The only known CN in a M 31 GC can be identified with the first SSS found in a M 31 GC. We discuss the impact of our observations on the nova rate for the M 31 GC system.



LCSH Subject Headings


Henze, Martin, W. Pietsch, F. Haberl, G. Sala, R. Quimby, M. Hernanz, M. Della Valle et al. >The first two transient supersoft X-ray sources in M 31 globular clusters and the connection to classical novae.> Astronomy & Astrophysics, Vol. 500, No. 2 (Jun., 2009): pp. 769-779.