Jet characterization in Au + Au collisions at STAR




Dávila Leyva, Alán

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The present study combines modern jet reconstruction algorithms and particle identification (PID) techniques in order to study the enhancement of proton/pion ratio at mid transverse momentum ([mathematical symbols] 1.5 - 4.0 GeV/c) observed in central Au + Au collisions at [mathematical symbols] = 200 GeV. The ratio enhancement is thought to be caused by recombination processes and/or parton fragmentation modification of jets in relativistic heavy ion collisions. The fragmentation modification hypothesis is tested in this analysis by reconstructing and selecting energetic jets presumably biased to fragment outside of the medium created in Au + Au collisions and comparing their particle composition to the recoiling (medium-traversing) jets. The bias assumption is confirmed by comparing jets in central collisions, where the effect of proton/pion enhancement is present, with peripheral ones where no medium effects are expected. The selected jets are reconstructed by using the anti-k[subscript T] algorithm from the modern FASTJET package. The PID in the p[subscript T] region of interest is possible by combining measurements of the particles' energy deposition and velocity from the Time Projection Chamber and the recently installed (2009-2010) Time of Flight detectors at STAR. The acceptance of these detectors, [eta] < 1.0 and full azimuth, make them extraordinary tools for correlation studies. These features allow for the measurement of relative azimuth ([phi] [subscript jet] - [phi] [subscript pion,proton]) distributions by using the selected jet axis in order to disentangle the uncorrelated background present in the high multiplicity heavy ion collisions. The proton/pion ratios in two different centrality bins and p[subscript T] = 1.2 - 3.0 GeV/c are presented for biased (vacuum fragmenting) jets and their recoiling counterparts




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