The Toxic Substances Control Act: Overview and Evaluation, PRP 50

Rohlich, Gerard A.
Howe, Richard S.
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LBJ School of Public Affairs
Toxic substances reach the environment in a number of ways and for a number of economic, political, and technological reasons. The Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) (PL 94- 469) is intended to control new and existing chemical substances that are determined to present unreasonable risk to health or the environment. The primary purpose of this report is to review the U. S. experience in drafting and implementing TSCA and identify key issues that have emerged from this experience. The review begins with a reference to the legislative history of TSCA and the delineation of specific legal issues arising under the act. The report next explores the subjects of risk determination in toxic substances regulation and economic impacts of controlling toxic substances. Risk determination is addressed in terms of health effects and environmental effects. Economic impacts are discussed in terms of the costs to industry and consumers. The report concludes with a discussion of program management and implementation.