The Gould's Belt Very Large Array Survey. I. The Ophiuchus Complex

Dzib, Sergio A.
Loinard, Laurent
Mioduszewski, Amy J.
Rodriguez, Luis F.
Ortiz-Leon, Gisela N.
Pech, Gerardo
Rivera, Juana L.
Torres, Rosa M.
Boden, Andrew F.
Hartmann, Lee
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We present large-scale (similar to 2000 arcmin(2)), deep (similar to 20 mu Jy), high-resolution (similar to 1 '') radio observations of theOphiuchus star-forming complex obtained with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array at lambda = 4 and 6 cm. In total, 189 sources were detected, 56 of them associated with known young stellar sources, and 4 with known extragalactic objects; the other 129 remain unclassified, but most of them are most probably background quasars. The vast majority of the young stars detected at radio wavelengths have spectral types K or M, although we also detect four objects of A/F/B types and two brown dwarf candidates. At least half of these young stars are non-thermal (gyrosynchrotron) sources, with active coronas characterized by high levels of variability, negative spectral indices, and (in some cases) significant circular polarization. As expected, there is a clear tendency for the fraction of non-thermal sources to increase from the younger (Class 0/I or flat spectrum) to the more evolved (Class III or weak line T Tauri) stars. The young stars detected both in X-rays and at radio wavelengths broadly follow a Gudel-Benz relation, but with a different normalization than the most radioactive types of stars. Finally, we detect a similar to 70 mJy compact extragalactic source near the center of the Ophiuchus core, which should be used as gain calibrator for any future radio observations of this region.

Dzib, Sergio A., Laurent Loinard, Amy J. Mioduszewski, Luis F. Rodr�guez, Gisela N. Ortiz-Le�n, Gerardo Pech, Juana L. Rivera et al. "The Gould's Belt Very Large Array Survey. I. The Ophiuchus Complex." The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 775, No. 1 (Sep., 2013): 63.