Microstructural and microhardness variations of laser powder bed fusion (L-PBF) additively manufactured Inconel 718 due to machine variability and wall thickness for aerospace applications

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Doris, A.
Trujillo, I.
Godinez, D.
Arrieta, E.
Wicker, R.B.
Gradi, P.
Katsarelis, C.C.
Medina, F.

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University of Texas at Austin


This paper reports on a study investigating the microstructure and microhardness of thin walls fabricated by Laser Powder Bed Fusion (L-PBF) from sixteen geometric feature build plates. The study evaluated any variance in those properties with the variation in thickness by characterizing the XY and YZ planes of seven thin walls of different thicknesses and the base parts. Electron Backscatter Diffraction (EBSD) analysis with inverse pole figure (IPF) mapping was done for four samples from four different machine manufacturers. From the EBSD grain boundary map, the microstructure is composed of equiaxed grains with a lower threshold angle with smaller grains in the border area. Compositional analysis for both the powders and the resulting fully heat-treated LPBF manufactured material was analyzed for alloy element stability and contaminants using 10 mg samples. The paper concludes by showing the relationship between composition and microstructural properties.


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