An Annotated Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of Texas, with Keys to Identification of Species

Date

1991

Authors

Hubbs, Clark
Edwards, Robert J.
Garrett, Gary P.

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

The Texas Journal of Science

Abstract

Forty-five families and 247 species of fishes are known to inhabit the freshwaters of Texas. We report on the distribution and status of these fishes and provide a key to their identification. Of the native fishes originally found in Texas, five taxa, Notropis orca (phantom shiner), Notropis simus simus (Rio Grande bluntnose shiner), Cyprinella lutrensis blairi (Maravillas red shiner), Gambusia amistadensis (Amistad gambusia) and Gambusia georgei (San Marcos gambusia) are apparently extinct, and three, Oncorhynchus clarki virginalis (Rio Grande cutthroat trout), Hybognathus amarus (Rio Grande silvery minnow) and Gambusia senilis (blotched gambusia) appear to be extirpated from the state. More than 20 percent of the remaining primary freshwater species appear to be in some need of protection.

Description

LCSH Subject Headings

Citation

Hubbs, C., R.J. Edwards, and G.P. Garrett. 1991. An Annotated Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of Texas, with Keys to Identification of Species. Texas Journal of Science Supplement 53(4):2–87.