HALOGEN-FREE FLAME-RETARDANT POWDER MATERIALS FOR LASER SINTERING: EVALUATION AND PROCESS STABILITY ANALYSIS

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Date

2023

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University of Texas at Austin

Abstract

The high flammability of components manufactured by laser-based powder bed fusion of plastics (PBF-LB/P) using standard polyamide 12 (PA12) powder still severely restricts their use in industries such as electronics, aviation, and transportation. A key factor for the further establishment of PBF-LB/P is the expansion of the material portfolio with, for example, refreshable and halogen-free flame-retardant (FR) powder materials. Accordingly, various halogen-free FRs are investigated in this work and evaluated with respect to their use in PBF-LB/P. First, their decomposition behavior and mode of action are examined. Subsequently, the additives are dry blended with PA12 to investigate properties relevant for PBF-LB/P, such as particle morphology, thermal behavior, and melt viscosity. Afterwards, test specimens for UL94 vertical flame-retardancy tests are produced by processing the dry blends on an EOS P3 PBF-LB/P system. Finally, the process stability of the process-aged powder blends is investigated by again examining thermal behavior and melt viscosity.

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