Dynamical Masses of Young M Dwarfs: Masses and Orbital Parameters of GJ 3305 AB, the Wide Binary Companion To the Imaged Exoplanet Host 51 Eri

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2015-11

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Montet, Benjamin T.
Bowler, Brendan P.
Shkolnik, Evgenya L.
Deck, Katherine M.
Wang, Ji
Horch, Elliott P.
Liu, Michael C.
Hillenbrand, Lynne A.
Kraus, Adam L.
Charbonneau, David

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Abstract

We combine new high resolution imaging and spectroscopy from Keck/NIRC2, Discovery Channel Telescope/DSSI, and Keck/HIRES with published astrometry and radial velocities to measure individual masses and orbital elements of the GJ 3305 AB system, a young (similar to 20 Myr) M+M binary (unresolved spectral type M0) member of the beta Pictoris moving group comoving with the imaged exoplanet host 51 Eri. We measure a total system mass of 1.11 +/- 0.04 M-circle dot, a period of 29.03 +/- 0.50 year, a semimajor axis of 9.78 +/- 0.14 AU, and an eccentricity of 0.19 +/- 0.02. The primary component has a dynamical mass of 0.67 +/- 0.05 M-circle dot and the secondary has a mass of 0.44 +/- 0.05 M-circle dot. The recently updated BHAC15 models are consistent with the masses of both stars to within 1.5 sigma. Given the observed masses the models predict an age of the GJ 3305 AB system of 37 +/- 9 Myr. Based on the observed system architecture and our dynamical mass measurement, it is unlikely that the orbit of 51 Eri b has been significantly altered by the Kozai-Lidov mechanism.

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Montet, Benjamin T., Brendan P. Bowler, Evgenya L. Shkolnik, Katherine M. Deck, Ji Wang, Elliott P. Horch, Michael C. Liu, Lynne A. Hillenbrand, Adam L. Kraus, and David Charbonneau. "DYNAMICAL MASSES OF YOUNG M DWARFS: MASSES AND ORBITAL PARAMETERS OF GJ 3305 AB, THE WIDE BINARY COMPANION TO THE IMAGED EXOPLANET HOST 51 ERISome of the data presented herein were obtained at the WM Keck Observatory, which is operated as a scientific partnership among the California Institute of Technology, the University of California and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The Observatory was made possible by the generous financial support of the WM Keck Foundation." The Astrophysical Journal Letters, Vol. 813, No. 1 (Nov., 2015): L11.