An investigation of the irreversible inhibition of human N[superscript ω], N[superscript ω]- dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH1)

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2014-08

Authors

Burstein, Gayle Diane

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Abstract

Nitric oxide synthases (NOS) are responsible for the production of nitric oxide (NO), an essential cell-signaling molecule, in mammals. There are three isoforms of NOS with widely different tissue distribution. The overproduction of NO is marked in many human disease states and cancers, however due to the similarities of the enzyme isoforms, targeting NOS for inhibition has proven challenging. Endogenously, the methylated arginines, N[superscript ω]-monomethyl-L-arginine (NMMA) and asymmetric N[superscript ω], N[superscript ω]-dimethyl-L-arginine (ADMA), inhibit NOS. N[superscript ω], N[superscript ω]-Dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH1) metabolizes these methylated arginines and thus relieves NOS inhibition. The role of DDAH1 in the regulation of diseases such as cancer and septic shock is still being elucidated. It is thought that targeting DDAH1 for inhibition rather than NOS may circumvent many of the current problems with the treatment of NO overproduction such as isoform selectivity. My PhD studies focus on the synthesis of a series of irreversible inhibitors of DDAH1, an extensive study of their in vitro mode of inhibition, a comparison of analytical fitting methods, and the viability and efficacy of the inactivators in a human cell line. I also studied a potential endogenous inactivator of DDAH1, nitroxyl (HNO), a one-electron reduction product of NO.

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