What about the locals?: the impact of state tourism policy and transnational participation on two central Asian mountain communities

dc.contributor.advisorBuckley, Cynthia J.en
dc.creatorAllen, Joseph Bootsen
dc.date.accessioned2008-08-28T22:51:49Zen
dc.date.available2008-08-28T22:51:49Zen
dc.date.issued2006en
dc.descriptiontexten
dc.description.abstractThe prospect of rural development is emerging as an important topic among development specialists. In their quest to focus more attention in this arena, the State, transnational investors, and international organizations are entering into complex partnerships to assist rural communities in attaining higher levels of development. Primary goals include bettering general infrastructure and creating employment and entrepreneurial opportunities for local communities. Many times, however, the geographic and economic context of regions where development projects are aimed, and the participation of local stakeholders, is not properly taken into consideration. As a result, development goals prove difficult to attain. Using qualitative data over a nine month period of field research, I examine the impact of state tourism development policy and transnational participation on two rural regions in Central Asia. The respective governments have differing approaches to the development of the tourism sector based primarily on their geographic and economic contexts. While one employs a broad policy seeking sectoral development part-andparcel of the strong general economy and without soliciting outside participation, the other, because of limited self-capacity, employees a progressive policy that includes transnational investors and development agencies as key partners. The findings suggest that a developing country in a strong economic and geographic position is better able to foster an additive industry like tourism and do so in a way that is equitable for local stakeholders. Local stakeholders take advantage of benefits the greater economy provides, despite the broad state policy and lack of outside participation. A country in a weaker economic and geographic position, regardless of comparative advantages in the industry and progressive policies that include outside participation, develops the industry in a way that is less equitable for local stakeholders because of the weak general economy, because outside participation creates foreign competition, and because the targeted clientele drawn is not likely to directly seek out the services locals offer. I contribute to the understanding of local development by demonstrating the impact of geographic and economic contexts and colonial legacy on development processes, the importance of local stakeholders in policy development and implementation, and the equity of bottom-up development planning.
dc.description.departmentSociologyen
dc.format.mediumelectronicen
dc.identifierb61292047en
dc.identifier.oclc72552927en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2152/2491en
dc.language.isoengen
dc.rightsCopyright is held by the author. Presentation of this material on the Libraries' web site by University Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin was made possible under a limited license grant from the author who has retained all copyrights in the works.en
dc.subject.lcshCommunity development--Asia, Centralen
dc.subject.lcshTourism--Government policy--Asia, Centralen
dc.titleWhat about the locals?: the impact of state tourism policy and transnational participation on two central Asian mountain communitiesen
dc.type.genreThesisen
thesis.degree.departmentSociologyen
thesis.degree.disciplineSociologyen
thesis.degree.grantorThe University of Texas at Austinen
thesis.degree.levelDoctoralen
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophyen

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