Politics or Public Health? Sterilization During the Indian Emergency 1975-1977

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2020-05

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LaMonica, Megan

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This thesis examines the complex social, economic, and political climate that made the Indian Emergency of 1975-1977 and its infamous sterilization campaign possible. Factors such as caste, class, and religion impacted people's experiences and percepions of the sterilization campaign. People of lower socioeconomic status tended to experience greater sterilization pressures, but there was still variance of experiences even within similar demographic groups. Media censorship and inaccurate government reporting of events such as the Turkman Gate Incident complicate the process of unearthing the realities of Emergency sterilization. Overall, this thesis shows how public health policy can become entangled in national and international politics and does not always protect the interests of individuals.

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