Effect Of Inter-Layer Dwell Time on Residual Stresses in Directed Energy Deposition of High Strength Steel Alloy

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Joy, Ranjit
Wu, Sung-Heng
Tariq, Usman
Mahmood, Muhammad Arif
Liou, Frank

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University of Texas at Austin


Adoption of metal additive manufacturing by various industries is being hindered by the presence of residual stresses and distortion in the deposited parts. Large thermal gradients during directed energy deposition often led to residual stresses in the final deposit. Parameter optimization is predominantly used for residual stress mitigation. However, the effect of process parameters is material specific. Current research aims to study the effect of inter-layer dwell time on residual stresses in directed energy deposition of high strength steel alloy. Specimens were deposited at three levels of inter-layer dwell time. Surface as well as bulk residual stresses were measured using X-ray diffraction. Both surface as well as bulk residual stresses were found to increase with an increase in the inter-layer dwell time.


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