Analysis of millimeter wave and massive MIMO cellular networks




Bai, Tianyang

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Millimeter wave (mmWave) communication and massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) are promising techniques to increase system capacity in 5G cellular networks. The prior frameworks for conventional cellular systems do not directly apply to analyze mmWave or massive MIMO networks, as (i) mmWave cellular networks differ in the different propagation conditions and hardware constraints; and (ii) with a order of magnitude more antennas than conventional multi-user MIMO systems, massive MIMO systems will be operated in time-division duplex (TDD) mode, which renders pilot contamination a primary limiting factor. In this dissertation, I develop stochastic geometry frameworks to analyze the system-level performance of mmWave, sub-6 GHz massive MIMO, and mmWave massive MIMO cellular networks. The proposed models capture the key features of each technique, and allow for tractable signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) and rate analyses. In the first contribution, I develop an mmWave cellular network model that incorporates the blockage effect and directional beamforming, and analyze the SINR and rate distributions as functions of the base station density, blockage parameters, and antenna geometry. The analytical results demonstrate that with a sufficiently dense base station deployment, mmWave cellular networks are capable to achieve comparable SINR coverage and much higher rates than conventional networks. In my second contribution, I analyze the uplink SINR and rate in sub-6 GHz massive MIMO networks with the incorporation of pilot contamination and fractional power control. Based on the analysis, I show scaling laws between the number of antennas and scheduled users per cell that maintain the uplink signal-to-interference ratio (SIR) distributions are different for maximum ratio combining (MRC) and zero-forcing (ZF) receivers. In my third contribution, I extend the sub-6 GHz massive MIMO model to mmWave frequencies, by incorporating key mmWave features. I leverage the proposed model to investigate the asymptotic SINR performance, when the number of antennas goes to infinity. Numerical results show that mmWave massive MIMO outperforms its sub-6 GHz counterpart in cell throughput with a dense base station deployment, while the reverse can be true with a low base station density.


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