Polyamide 11-Carbon Nanotubes Nanocomposites: Preliminary Investigation

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Date

2008

Authors

Lao, S. C.
Koo, J. H.
Yong, W.
Lam, C.
Zhou, J.
Moon, T.
Piccione, P. M.
Wissler, G.
Pilato, L.
Luo, Z. P.

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Abstract

The objective of this research is to develop an improved polyamide 11 (PA11) polymer with enhanced flame retardancy, thermal, and mechanical properties for selective laser sintering (SLS) rapid manufacturing. In the present study, a nanophase was introduced into polyamide 11 via twin screw extrusion. Arkema Rilsan® polyamide 11 molding polymer pellets were used with 1, 3, 5, and 7 wt% loadings of Arkema’s GraphistrengthTM multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) to create a family of PA11-MWNT nanocomposites. Transmission electron microscopy and scanning electron microscopy were used to determine the degree and uniformity of dispersion. Injection molded test specimens were fabricated for physical, thermal, mechanical properties, and flammability measurements. Thermal stability of these polyamide 11-MWNT nanocomposites was examined by TGA. Mechanical properties such as ultimate tensile strength, rupture tensile strength, and elongation at rupture were measured. Flammability properties were also obtained using the UL 94 test method. All these different methods and subsequent polymer characteristics are discussed in this paper.

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