Citizenship and global mobility : the international value of national identity
In the past twenty years, a great deal of literature has been produced as to the value of citizenship in the global era. Some scholars insist that globalization has decreased the value of citizenship with the growth of human rights. Others believe that such claims are premature. Though these authors bring up important points as to the degree civil, political, and social rights have been granted to non-citizens around the world, they all fail to adequately address mobility rights. Primarily granted to citizens, mobility rights are going to become increasingly important with higher rates of international mobility, work, and residence. As such, these rights, the extent of which is defined by one's national citizenship, will play a significant role in determining autonomy and the capacity of an individual to determine one's own destiny. In this paper, I will explore inter-national and intra-national citizenship and immigration policies with the hopes of demonstrating the continued importance of citizenship in an increasingly globalized world. After laying out my theory, I will measure the value of U.S. citizenship inter-nationally and intra-nationally with regards to mobility rights.