Application of Advanced Reservoir Characterization, Simulation and Production Optimization Strategies to Maximize Recovery in Slope and Basin Clastic Reservoirs, West Texas (Delaware Basin)

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The objective of this Class III project is to demonstrate that detailed reservoir characterization of slope and basin elastic reservoirs in sandstones of the Delaware Mountain Group in the Delaware Basin of West Texas and New Mexico is a cost-effective way to recover oil more economically through geologically based field development. The project is focused on East Ford, a Delaware Mountain Group field that produces from the upper Bell Canyon Formation (Ramsey sandstone). The field, discovered in 1960, is operated by Orla Petco, Inc., as the East Ford unit. A CO2 flood is being conducted in the unit, and this flood is the Phase 2 demonstration for the project. Reservoir characterization was conducted using logs and pressure and production information from the East Ford unit, supplemented by Bell Canyon outcrop data and information from the nearby Geraldine Ford field. Characterization was enhanced this year by recovery of a core from the Ramsey reservoir interval in the EFU 41R well. Ramsey sandstones are interpreted as having been deposited in a basin-floor setting in a channel-levee system with attached lobes. Overbank splays are interpreted as being the main area of sand storage outside of the channels. Porosity and permeability of the reservoir sandstones are controlled by calcite cement that can be concentrated in layers ranging from 5 to 40 cm in thickness. These laterally extensive calcite-cemented layers form significant vertical permeability baffles in some areas of the reservoir.


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