Solid-state production of single-crystal aluminum and aluminum-magnesium alloys

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Pedrazas, Nicholas Alan

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Three sheet materials, including high purity aluminum, commercial purity aluminum, and an aluminum-magnesium alloy with 3 wt% magnesium, were produced into single-crystals in the solid-state. The method, developed in 1939 by T. Fujiwara at Hiroshima University, involves straining a fully recrystallized material then passing it into a furnace with a high temperature gradient at a specific rate. This method preserves composition and particulate distributions that melt-solidification methods do not. Large single crystals were measured for their orientation preferences and growth rates. The single-crystals were found to preferably orient their growth direction to the <120> to <110> directions, and <100> to <111> directions normal to the specimen surface. The grain boundary mobility of each material was found to be a function of impurity content. The mobility constants observed were similar to those reported in the literature, indicating that this method of crystal growth provides an estimate of grain boundary mobility. This is the first study the effect of impurities and alloying to this single-crystal production process, and to show this method’s applicability in determining grain boundary mobility information.



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