Faits divers : national culture and modernism in Third World literary magazines

dc.contributor.advisorWettlaufer, Alexandraen
dc.contributor.advisorRossman, Charlesen
dc.contributor.committeeMemberAli, Sameren
dc.contributor.committeeMemberSalgado, Cesaren
dc.contributor.committeeMemberWilks, Jenniferen
dc.contributor.committeeMemberWolitz, Sethen
dc.creatorMicklethwait, Christopher Dwighten
dc.date.accessioned2010-11-09T21:21:07Zen
dc.date.available2010-11-09T21:21:07Zen
dc.date.available2010-11-09T21:21:14Zen
dc.date.issued2010-08en
dc.date.submittedAugust 2010en
dc.date.updated2010-11-09T21:21:14Zen
dc.descriptiontexten
dc.description.abstractCommitments to cosmopolitanism and indigenism complicate the Modernist literature of the Third World. This study investigates the rhetorical and aesthetic responses of Third World "little magazines"--short-running, self-financed cultural magazines--to these two notions. These little magazine evolved with the daily newspaper as a tool favored by avant-garde movements for critiquing the social structures that produced it and for codifying their aesthetic and political principles. Comparing the Stridentist little magazine Horizonte (1926-1927) to D. H. Lawrence's novel The Plumed Serpent (1925), I argue that the Mexican Revolution created a climate of nationalism that reoriented the Stridentist movement away from a version of cosmopolitanism influenced by European modernist movements and toward a deeper interest in the Mexican folk and indigenous culture. Following form there, I consider the concept of cosmopolitanism in the Cuban novelist Alejo Carpentier's El Reino de este mundo (1949) in comparison to two Haitian magazines: La Revue Indigène (1927-1928) and Les Griots (1938-1940). Here I find that, while Carpentier stages a relatively global critique of primitivism as a false cosmopolitanism, the magazines La Revue Indigène and Les Griots reflect a turn from such a cosmopolitanism that values the primitive for its own sake toward a cultural nationalism invested in the real and imagined recuperation of Haiti's African origins through the study of folklore, Vodou, the Kreyòl language and poetic images of Africa. Finally, I compare Futurist F. T. Marinetti's Mafarka le futuriste: roman africain (1909) to the Egyptian literary magazine Al-Kātib Al-Miṣrī (1945-1948) in order to demonstrate the distance between Egyptian modernity in the European imagination and the self-conceived notions of Egyptian modernity. In Al-Kātib Al-Miṣrī, I find that these writers value cosmopolitanism, arguing that it is in fact indigenous to Egyptian culture itself and constructing their notion of Egyptian modernity around the maintenance of continuity with this indigenous cosmopolitanism. My examinations of these magazines suggests that, though the European avant-gardes and Third World literary Modernists may wield the little magazine similarly against hegemonic cultures, their purposes are divided over the roles cosmopolitanism and indigeneity play in the formation of national culture.en
dc.description.departmentComparative Literatureen
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2152/ETD-UT-2010-08-1740en
dc.language.isoengen
dc.subjectCosmopolitanismen
dc.subjectLiterary magazinesen
dc.subjectModernismen
dc.subjectThird World literatureen
dc.subjectIndigenismen
dc.subjectStridentismen
dc.subjectD.H. Lawrenceen
dc.subjectAlejo Carpentieren
dc.subjectF.T. Marinettien
dc.subjectFuturismen
dc.titleFaits divers : national culture and modernism in Third World literary magazinesen
dc.type.genrethesisen
thesis.degree.departmentComparative Literatureen
thesis.degree.disciplineComparative Literatureen
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Texas at Austinen
thesis.degree.levelDoctoralen
thesis.degree.nameDoctor of Philosophyen

Access full-text files

Original bundle

Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
Loading...
Thumbnail Image
Name:
MICKLETHWAIT-DISSERTATION.pdf
Size:
2.25 MB
Format:
Adobe Portable Document Format

License bundle

Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
No Thumbnail Available
Name:
license.txt
Size:
2.14 KB
Format:
Plain Text
Description: