Frequency Inspection of Additively Manufactured Parts for Layer Defect Identification

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Allen, Aimee
Johnson, Kevin
Blough, Jason
Barnard, Andrew
Hartwig, Troy
Brown, Ben
Soine, David
Cullom, Tristan
Bristow, Douglas
Landers, Robert

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University of Texas at Austin


Additive manufactured (AM) parts are produced at low volume or with complex geometries. Identifying internal defects is difficult as current testing techniques are not optimized for AM processes. The goal of this paper is to evaluate defects on multiple parts printed on the same build plate. The technique used was resonant frequency testing with the results verified through Finite Element Analysis. From these tests, it was found that the natural frequencies needed to detect the defects were higher than the excitation provided by a modal hammer. The deficiencies in this range led to the development of other excitation methods. Based on these results, traditional methods of resonant part inspection are not sufficient, but special methods can be developed for specific cases.


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